Getting Your Moles Checked Out

Understanding Skin Cancer Treatment: What You Need to Know

by Javier Bell

Skin cancer affects millions of people worldwide. It can occur in any part of the skin, especially in areas that are most exposed to the sun. While it is treatable when detected early, advanced skin cancer can be fatal. Therefore, it's essential to understand the available treatment options for skin cancer. This blog aims to educate you on the various treatments for skin cancer so you can make an informed decision regarding your skin health.


This is one of the most common methods used to treat skin cancer. It involves removing the cancerous tissue and some of the surrounding healthy skin, which is then tested to determine if all the cancer cells have been removed. The doctor may use one of several types of surgery, including simple excision, Mohs surgery, and curettage and electrodessication. Simple excision is where the doctor cuts out the cancerous tissue and closes the wound with stitches. Mohs surgery involves removing a thin layer of cancerous tissue and immediately testing it for cancer cells, repeating the process until the cancer is gone. Curettage and electrodesiccation involve scraping off the cancerous tissue and using electricity to burn and kill any remaining cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy

This treatment option entails applying high-energy radiation to the cancerous tissue, killing the cancer cells and preventing them from growing. Radiation therapy is often used when surgery is not an option or the cancer has spread too widely to be removed surgically. The treatment is usually delivered in small doses over several weeks to minimize damage to healthy tissue.


Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is often used for cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and can be given orally or through infusion. It is usually administered in cycles, with rest periods in between to allow the body to recover. Chemotherapy works by targeting cancer cells that are rapidly dividing and multiplying.


Immunotherapy uses the body's immune system to fight cancer cells. It works by boosting the immune system's ability to recognize and destroy cancer cells, improving the body's response to cancer cells. Immunotherapy is often used to treat advanced skin cancer when other treatments have failed.

Photodynamic Therapy

In PDT, a photosensitizing agent is applied to the skin, which is then exposed to a specific wavelength of light. The agent absorbs the light, producing a type of oxygen that kills the cancer cells. PDT is a potential treatment option for superficial skin cancers that have not spread to other parts of the body.

Skin cancer is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment. The treatment options available depend on the type of skin cancer, how far it has spread, and the individual's health. If you notice any changes on your skin, such as growths, discoloration, or rough patches that don't heal, see a doctor immediately. Early detection of skin cancer is key to successful treatment. Remember to practice sun safety by wearing protective clothing, staying in the shade, and using sunscreen when exposed to the sun. With the right treatment, skin cancer can be treated successfully, allowing you to live a healthy and fulfilling life.

To learn more about skin cancer treatment, contact a doctor near you.